Crownstone Built-in One

We have a new version of the Crownstone! The Crownstone built-in One!

Crownstone built-in One

First of all, the current version of the Crownstone Zero already has a lot of the capabilities that this new version has as well. If we create a list with the components on board and their function of both versions, there will be a lot of the same items:

  • insulated gate bipolar transistors: a dimmer of incandescant and LED lights
  • relay: a switch up to 16A
  • operational amplifiers: current and power measurements
  • a Bluetooth Low Energy chipset: control and indoor positioning using signal strengths of messages from smart devices
  • integrated power supply: power the dimmer, the relay, and the chip

Crownstone built-in One PCB

So, what is the difference?

  • the form factor is slightly different to fit (a part of) the utility boxes in Germany
  • a plastic extrusion near the connectors to reduce metal fatigue due to repeatedly inserting wires
  • a larger capacitance which boost the integrated power supply to allow for switchcraft (see below)
  • a three stage current measurement circuit to reduce 50Hz interference
  • compatibility with both 110V and 240V, plus both CE and FCC compliance
  • a ten pins connector for GPIO (see Crownstone Inside)
  • a metal antenna for a better signal-to-noise ratio across all BLE advertising channels
  • a thermal fuse across both the IGBTs and the relay
  • an improved IGBT gate driver to be able to dim more powerful lights

With this version we have simplified the packaging. Not something like two or three Crownstones, but letting our customers decide how many they want. We sell them in a kit of 10 as well as individually.

Get the One!

Switchcraft

Switchcraft is how we call the combination of using an ordinary light switch with the Crownstone simultaneously.

Switcraft

It’s operation is actually quite simple. Both outgoing poles of the switch are shorted. Due to traveling time of the switch there is a fraction of time that there is no connection at all. In other words, we have made a pulse switch from an ordinary switch.

At the Crownstone we measure the incoming voltage curve very frequently (in the kilohertz range). This means we can detect if the power supply drops for that fraction of time. The Crownstone firmware detects the switch with an algorithm and subsequently switches the light (or any other device).

The caveat is that the Crownstone has to be powered on during this period with a temporary power supply. There is no space to fit a battery inside. Hence, we use capacitors. The Crownstone built-in One has a capacitor that is able to power it for up to 80 milliseconds. This is enough time to prevent a reset.

Very astute observers might note that it is possible to detect a switch even through a reset. However, this is very involved and potentially leads to many false positives. It would e.g. require the Crownstone to measure the temperature to see if it is a cold boot versus a warm boot. However, there are plenty of other situations in which a reboot might happen. For example, after a firmware upgrade, after a configuration change, or after a momentary glitch in the grid. After a power outage in your city you do not want all your lamps to be on. For more on Switchcraft we refer to the installation instructions.

Crownstone Inside

Crownstones are integrated in products of innovative companies, called Crownstone Inside. For such partners there is no special Crownstone development kit necessary anymore! For product integration (or for electronic enthusiasts) the new version comes with a place where a connector can be mounted. This connector is a so-called board-to-board connector of which the specifications are the following: 1.) a dot pitch of 0.1 inch, 2.) 10 pins, 3.) 2 rows, and 4.) SMD mount. An example of such a connector is the Sametec TSM-105-01-T-DV.

Internationalization

The Crownstone built-in One can be used internationally for grids that operate on 110V and grids that operate on 240V. The One is certified both for CE and FCC. This means that it can be used (and sold) both in Europe as well as in the United States.

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